A Brief History of Therapy and Psychiatry

Posted on May 23, 2022

Since the beginning of time, humans have been looking for ways to improve their mental state. The first forms of therapy were probably used by shamans and healers in ancient civilizations. Over the centuries, psychiatry has evolved into its own field, and there are now many different types of therapy available to help people with mental health issues.

In this blog post, we will explore the ins and outs of mental illness and mental health and also the history of therapy and psychiatry, from the earliest forms of treatment to modern-day therapies and practices. Keep reading on to learn more!

What is Psychiatry?

Psychiatry is a branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental illness or mental disorders. While psychiatrists are medical doctors who specialize in diagnosing and treating mental illnesses.

What is the difference between Psychiatry and Psychology?

Psychiatry is a branch of medicine, while psychology is not. Psychology is the study of human behavior and mental processes, while psychiatry focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of mental illnesses.

What Is Mental Illness?

The term “mental illness” is used to describe a wide range of mental health conditions. Mental illnesses are medical conditions that can affect a person’s thinking, feeling, mood, ability to relate to others, and daily functioning.

What The Experts Say:
Mental illness is incredibly common. In fact, nearly one in five adults in the U.S – or 43 million people – experience mental illness in any given year.

What Causes Mental Illness?

The cause of mental illness is not fully known, but it is thought to be caused by a combination of genetic, biological, psychological, and environmental factors. Mental illness does not discriminate – it affects people of all ages, races, ethnicities, religions, and socioeconomic backgrounds. And while anyone can develop a mental illness at any time, certain factors can increase your risk.

Mental Illness Risk Factors:

– Having a family history of mental illness

– Experiencing trauma or abuse

– Having another medical condition (such as HIV/AIDS, diabetes, or heart disease)

– Taking certain medications

– Substance abuse

Mental illness is often stigmatized in our society. People who suffer from mental illness often don’t seek help because they are afraid of being seen as weak or crazy by those around them. It is important to remember that mental illness is a real medical condition that should be treated by a professional.

What Are Some Common Mental Disorders?

Some common mental disorders include:

– Anxiety Disorders

– Eating Disorders

– Mood Disorders

– Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

– Phobias

– Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

– Schizophrenia

– Sleep Disorders

– Substance Abuse Disorders

These are just a few examples – there are many more types of mental disorders out there. If you or someone you know is struggling with a mental illness, there is help available. The mental health professionals at CTI can provide therapy both online and in-person and medication to treat a wide range of different mental health disorders.

Crownview Telehealth Institute is here to provide the mental health care and support that you or your loved one need to get better. Call us today at 833-957-2690 to discuss how modern psychotherapy and clinic psychology can work for you.

What Does The Term “Mental Health” Mean?

“Mental health” is often used as an umbrella term to describe a wide range of different mental disorders. Mental disorders are conditions that affect a person’s mood, thoughts, and behavior. They can make it hard for someone to function in their everyday life.

Mental health is a complex and multi-layered topic. There is no one-size-fits-all definition of what it means to have good mental health. For some people, it might mean feeling happy and fulfilled most of the time. For others, it might mean managing their symptoms in a way that allows them to live a relatively normal life.

The history of mental health is long and complicated. Mental illness has been around for as long as human beings have been around – there are references to mental illness in ancient texts from all over the world. But our understanding of mental illness has changed a lot over time.

The Earliest Origins

The art of storytelling has been around since the beginning of time. In fact, it’s one way that people have found comfort and healing for themselves in difficult situations- even if they weren’t aware at first!

The phrase “healing through words” appeared in Egyptian writing

More than 3500 years ago there were references to “healing through words” appearing in Egyptian writing where soon after this phrase appeared in Geoffrey Chaucer’s “The Wife Of Bath Tale” which tells us how much power words really do hold.

The more formal term “psychological” was coined by psychiatrist William George Perkin (1886–1961) at the end of the 19th century who felt it appropriate because his focus lay squarely upon understanding minds rather than just specializing solely in medical aspects.

Psychotherapy is a treatment for mental health problems that involve talking to someone with qualifications in psychology. It’s during these sessions that people examine their moods, feelings, and thoughts while learning how they can take control when things get tough without resorting back to harmful behaviors or pushing those close-to them away through unhealthy emotions.

The doctor’s consultation had been optional for so long, but in 1879 an article published by The Lancet suggested that telephone calls could reduce unnecessary visits. This was the first known time telehealth – or receiving treatment remotely through phones – became noted publicly and professionally.

Less than 10 years later one of history’s most famous psychotherapists – Sigmund Freud – founded psychoanalysis after he noticed how often his patients talked about their problems without ever actually seeing him face to face.

By the early 20th century, therapy and psychiatry had become more widely accepted as a result of Freud’s work. And in 1908, the first psychiatric hospital opened in America.

These days, there are all sorts of different types of therapy for patients to choose from – whether it be cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), art therapy, or something else entirely. But no matter what type of therapy it is, the goal is always the same: to help patients feel better about themselves and their lives.

If you or someone you know is struggling with mental health, please reach out for help. You can speak to someone who cares by calling Crownview Telehealth Institute at 833-957-2690.

Most Notable Names

Franz Mesmer

While Freud is easily one of the most often-cited and prominent names in the field of psychology, the Viennese physician Franz Mesmer is considered to be the “Father of Western Psychotherapy.”

Mesmer believed that there was a magnetic fluid that flowed through the body and could be harnessed for healing purposes. This belief gave rise to the term “mesmerize,” which is still used today.

When Mesmer first tried using magnets to cure his patients, the medical community in America and France wasn’t impressed by this idea. However, they were convinced when it became clear that not only did desire for healing play an important role but so did hypnosis or “magnetism.” Skeptics claimed there was no proof of what kindled these changes within people – simply someone who had far more knowledge than anyone else at one point thought necessary.

Sigmund Freud

Sigmund Freud is of course another well-known name in history – although his theories about psychology and therapy were often controversial. Freud believed that our actions and thoughts are motivated by unconscious drives and desires, many of which are sexual in nature. He saw the human personality as the id, ego, and superego, and was convinced that children go through several psychosexual stages throughout their lives. This theory caused quite a stir at the time, but Freud’s work went on to lay the foundation for much of modern-day therapy and psychiatry.

Freud’s greatest contribution to medicine was not just his work on dreams and defense mechanisms, but also talk therapy. This insight led Josef Breuer and Bertha Pappenheim, who had been suffering from hysteria for years before they discovered talking about their symptoms helped alleviate some discomfort associated with them – such as blurred vision, partial paralysis, and hallucinations.

The “talking cure” became known eventually after many other people were successfully treated through this method; including English author Charles Dickens whose wife was successfully treated by Breuer.

Speak to one of our qualified mental health professionals today! Give us a call at 833-957-2690 and get started with your psychotherapy treatments.

Increase In New Therapies

Around the same time that Skinner created his famous Skinner Box in the 1930s to study operant and classic conditioning, another psychologist by the name of Hans Eysenck was also conducting research on personality.

He found that a practitioner’s attitude and how they communicate with their clients are key in helping them achieve self-actualization or fulfillment of one’s highest needs. Non-judgmental communication allows for the deepest parts of oneself to come out, which then creates more freedom within an individual as well as relationships between people who are involved (clients).

Non-judgmental communication from therapists is imperative

Eysenck’s work would eventually lead to the development of a new type of therapy known as cognitive-behavioral therapy or CBT. CBT is a short-term, goal-oriented psychotherapy treatment that takes a hands-on, practical approach to problem-solving. Its goal is to change patterns of thinking or behavior that are behind people’s difficulties, and so change the way they feel. It is used to treat a wide range of issues, including phobias, addictions, depression, and anxiety.

It wasn’t until the 1950s that therapy & psychiatry began to diverge.

In 1952, the first psychiatric hospital in America to use medication as its primary form of treatment opened. This was a huge shift in how mental illness was treated and unfortunately led to many people with treatable conditions being warehoused in institutions with little hope for recovery.

By the mid-20th century, behaviorism was on top. It argued that mental processes are irrelevant and it’s healthy behaviors that make people feel better – not necessarily something psychological or psychiatric as previous generations had thought necessary for the treatment of mental illness.

The rise in popularity started with psychoanalysis which had become highly influential throughout history but then came up against the stiff competition when new theories were introduced during this time period – one such theory being called “behavioral” by its creators because they felt like physical exams weren’t enough.

B.F. Skinner, the American Psychological Association’s first president, and his followers argued that all human behavior is a result of conditioning. This theory quickly caught on in the United States after World War II as a way to explain not only psychiatric disorders but also social problems.

Among B.F. Skinner’s contributions was a systematic exploration of reinforcement. He found that positive reinforcement (rewarding a desired behavior) is more effective than negative reinforcement (punishing an undesired behavior) in terms of long-term behavior change.

Skinner’s work also led to the development of behavioral therapy, which is still used today to treat conditions like phobias and addictions.

Increase In New Therapies Arise

Behaviorism dominated psychiatry for several decades but it began to decline in popularity during the 1970s. It wasn’t until the deinstitutionalization movement of the 1970s that people started to realize that these conditions could be treated outside of hospitals and that patients deserved dignity and respect regardless of their diagnosis.

Today, there are many different types of therapy and psychiatry available, and while there is still much progress to be made, it’s safe to say that therapy and psychiatry have come a long way since their early days.

We now have a much better understanding of mental illness and how to effectively treat it. And while there are still many unanswered questions, we are constantly learning more and more about the human mind every day.

Mental Health Treatment

It’s easier and more convenient than you think. If you or someone you know is struggling with mental health or mental illness, there are many resources available today. Here are just a few of the most common types of mental illness treatment:

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT): CBT is a type of therapy that focuses on helping people change their negative thinking patterns and behavior.

Psychotherapy: Psychotherapy is a type of therapy that focuses on talking about your feelings and emotions.

Group Therapy: Group therapy is a type of therapy where people meet in a group setting to discuss their problems.

Medication: Medication can be used to treat various mental disorders.

Family Therapy: Family therapy is a type of therapy that focuses on helping families communicate and resolve their issues.

Virtual Counseling: Virtual counseling is a type of therapy that uses technology to provide counseling services.

Holistic Therapy: Holistic therapy is a type of therapy that focuses on treating the whole person, not just the symptoms of a disorder.

There is something out there for everyone, no matter what mental disease or physical symptoms, you can get the medical treatment that you need.

Reach out to the mental health professionals at Crownview Telehealth Institute today! Call 833-957-2690 to find a mental health treatment that is tailored to your specific mental disorder or disorders and start on the road to a happier life and better well-being.

What Are Your Thoughts?

What do you think about the history of psychiatry and therapy? What are your thoughts on how much these fields have evolved over time and as we have learned more? Do you have any questions or thoughts about it? Let us know what you think or any questions you may have in the comments section!

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